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Ecologists study the animals and plants that inhabit a particular environment, and report on the likely impact of any proposed construction works.

The Role

  • Visiting sites to undertake surveys of animals, plants and their environment
  • Researching the impact of construction and other human activity
  • Building computer models to predict effects of construction work
  • Advising on legal regulations in relation to protected species
  • Identifying and recording details of habitats and species
  • Producing reports detailing the potential environmental impact of any disruption to the environment and making recommendations on how best to manage it
  • Analysing data collected
  • Advising project stakeholders
  • Providing expert advice on environmental legislation
  • Preparing reports and recommendations
  • Visiting site during construction to monitor that all works are carried out as agreed
  • Advising planners, engineers, designers and construction firms
  • A career as an ecologist will usually involve working standard office hours, Monday to Friday
  • Likely to be occasions when it is necessary to work late or at weekends, particularly in more senior roles.


  • Newly trained ecologists can earn in the region of £20,000-£25,000
  • Trained with experience ecologists can earn in the region of £25,000-£30,000
  • Senior, chartered or master ecologists can earn in the region of £30,000-£50,000

Salaries typically range depending on location and level of responsibility.

Qualifications and Training

There are a number of routes that can lead to a career as an ecologist but most will require a degree or equivalent in a relevant field such as ecology, conservation biology, ecological science or environmental science.

Next Steps


Check out the latest Ecologist vacancies: 

As these are external websites, the number of job vacancies related to your preferred job role may vary. 

Check daily to see new opportunities as they are posted!

Find out more

For information on job roles in Scotland please visit the Skills Development Scotland website My World of Work.

Take our Ultimate Quiz to find out which role is right for you.

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